London is a major tourist destination, largely thanks to its history and the way that Londoners have had preserve the legacies that this has left them. For this reason it is important for the traveler know a little of the history of London, and thus understand a little better, this great city. The more primitive origin of London is Celtic, but their first fortification was carried out by the Romans, who called it Londinium and found its usefulness as a port on the banks of the Thames. In this Roman times of London, it was designated capital of Britain and remained capital of the island of Great Britain for the remainder of its history. In the Medieval period it acquires great relevance of Westminster Abbey. Because in this Abbey, which is not in Westminster Cathedral, were crowned the Kings of England. This is also the time in which acquires its historical significance, the Tower of London, since it was the residence of the British Royal family until the end of the Norman period. London, capital of Britain and home to the Royal family and political power, are he expanded in all directions, from the 18th century to our days.
The famous great fire of London was in 1666, and was so devastating that reconstruction lasted ten years. With the Industrial Revolution London accelerates its expansion, becoming the largest city in the world at the end of the 19th century. And manage this large expansion was not easy, as we had to provide services to a huge city, for the time. In order to manage this vast city was created in 1855 the Metropolitan Board of Works. Being replaced in 1889 by the County of London, created institution to govern across London. In the second world war, London was bombed by German aircraft, night after night. In these bombardments were killed around 30,000 Londoners and destroyed entire neighborhoods. From the end of World War II the expansion of London was slower, since it was more than rebuilding the city to grow. Now London is a modern and culturally active city that lives with the illusion of organizing games Olympic 2012, being the first city in the world which organizes three editions of this global event. Read our guide to travel to London and discover more useful data for visiting London, with attractions such as the London Eye.