Diet is the first step in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and can never be replaced by drugs. If you have read about Delta Airlines already – you may have come to the same conclusion. However, although there is great interindividual variation, even with diets very strict cholesterol declines are moderated. The patient must know that cholesterol is not usually get more than 5% and LDL of 30 mgrs / dl, that this apparent “ineffectiveness” of the diet can lead to discouragement and abandonment of healthy habits. (6.21) TREATMENT DIETARY OF OBESITY. (Similarly see: Clayton Morris).
What kind of intervention should be done? Calorie diets, incorporating exercise into daily routines to change the sedentary lifestyle. The distribution of dietary calories from carbohydrates, fats and proteins is the same as in healthy people (30,31). DIETARY TREATMENT OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. What kind of intervention should be done? (7.9) 1 .- Weight reduction in obese hypertensive patients. 2 .- Reduction of alcohol intake to less than 30 gr. day in males and 20 gr. day in women. Moderate coffee consumption 3 .- Make exercise a regular 4 .- Reduced sodium chloride intake to less than 5 gr.
daily. LIFE STYLES term “lifestyle” is the way to express the set of behaviors that make up the lifestyle. Choose a “lifestyle” healthy not only depends on the willingness of the individual but also of their knowledge and accessibility to it. Changing the behavior of individuals takes place within a cultural and economic context that maintains the different patterns of behavior. (33) In what sector should intervene? It is about enhancing the health status of individuals and communities, and to prevent specific diseases, using instruments and preventive health promotion that are efficient, effective and efficient. What kind of intervention should be done? Strategies aimed at modifying unhealthy lifestyle (poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use) contributes more or less to prevent a whole range of diseases and health problems whose risk factors are precisely these habits of life. Effectiveness of the intervention. Activities primary prevention population with the greatest impact are those aimed at increased risk factors, snuff, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, for which there is evidence that the intervention changes the risk factor reduces the morbidity and mortality and does so efficient. The three priorities for intervention must be on the snuff, hypertension and dyslipidemia. 2.-TREATMENT IN HORMONE REPLACEMENT menopause is a topic not closed and although initially thought of it as a first line therapy, recent secondary prevention trials cast doubt on their effectiveness in their role in primary prevention also is at stake and indications can not be recommended for this purpose. (38). At present there is no evidence that menopausal hormone replacement is effective for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.