Ally to this the toyotismo revealed efficient in the fight against the action of the Japanese unions, creating a trace badge of this unionism: ' ' the unionism for company or the call union-casa' ' , beyond what, it emphasizes the neoliberalismo with this way of production. In as the chapter, the author approaches the thematic one of the changes in course in the world of the work, discloses the trends found in the countries of advanced capitalism, where the diligent classroom presents each more complex, broken up and heterogeneous time. He accents the contradictory character of these changes where, of a side, he has a process of qualification of the work through its bigger intelectualizao and, of another one, the inverse process of disqualification or precarizao of the work, beyond what, the transformations still points with respect to the reduction of the number of workers of the sector manufacter and the extraordinary increment in the sector of services, as well as, the reduction of the jobs in integral time, folloied simultaneously, for the growth of the work in partial, precarious time and subcontratado, beyond the o increment of the work feminine. In this as chapter, we conclude that the author points with respect to the spalling, complexificao and heterogeneizao of the diligent classroom; qualification and disqualification of the work; structural unemployment; increment of the feminine work and the precarious, temporary, partial, subcontratado and terceirizado work. The result of these transformations is the constitution of a diligent classroom each more complex and heterogeneous time. In the third chapter, the syndicalistic crisis, its particularitities and the challenges of the syndical movement, are the boarded subject. An indicative of the crisis of the unions consists in the trend of the fall to the tax of syndicalization, demonstrated for the author through table. To the side of this trend one another factor that evidences the crisis of the syndical movement would be the difficulty in the distance to surpass between the steady workers and, subcontratados terceirizados, temporary the workers that a verticalizado unionism of the fordista age has been incapable to breach.