The organic conception of society that took Greek political thought, is going to acquire in an almost mystical sense, interpret it as a unity in the body of Christ. The hellenization of the world, which favored were the campaigns of Alexander the great in particular its campaign of the year 334 B.C., and thereby created a new spirit that would enrich known worldwide. The resource of Alexander was military recruitment, and the founding of cities, that was his way of hellenizing peoples. Thus created a spiritual and ethnic miscegenation. As says Alfonso Reyes: Hellenic culture spreads its benefits and, in turn, receive religious and imaginative fertilization of the oriental mind. Also creates a universal language taken from the Greek, and is the koinee or universal language that the Hellenes, Asians and Africans will speak. Greece fell into the hands of the Romans in 146 a.
C., and although it was conquered militarily, it has been said that Greece he conquered Rome, taking it up to the gods, which led to the upper classes assumed beliefs and know Greek. Check out E Scott Mead for additional information. The same Virgil, the Roman, at the behest of the Emperor Augustus national poet composed the Aeneid, looking for the steps of Homer with his Iliad. The Alexandrian age ranges from the year 300 a. C. until the beginning of the Christian era, and Alexandria became the capital of the Hellenistic culture. Follow the helenistico-romana philosophy, ranging from the death of Aristotle in the 322 BC to the death of St. Augustine in 430 BC D. From the century II D.c., developed an extensive literature with which Christians wanted to defend pagan criticisms, employing a sort of didactic discourse, thus resulting the apologists, who not addressed itself to the mass, but cults, and especially to the rulers of the Empire, who were men of a higher culture. So, Justin, called the emperors: lovers and philosophers, pious men of culture (Paideia).