Information support of elections and referendums includes informing voters, the referendum, election campaigning and contributes to the conscious will of the citizens, transparency of elections and referenda. Campaigning – the activity of Russian citizens, candidates, electoral associations, electoral blocs, public associations that aim to induce or encourage the voters to participation in elections, to vote for certain candidates, parties or against them. Informing the voters and participants in the referendum shall state authorities, local authorities, commissions, organizations engaged in production of media, individuals and legal entities in accordance with this federal law. Information posted in the media or distributed by other means, must be objective, accurate, must not violate the equality of candidates. Organizations engaged in production of media freedom in their efforts to educate voters, conducted in accordance with this federal law. The Act provided a plurality of forms of election propaganda through mass media.

Campaigning through the media may take the form of public debate, discussions, round tables, press conferences, interviews, speeches, political advertising, display teleocherkov, video of a registered candidate, electoral bloc, and in other forms not prohibited by law. In on television and radio programs, publications in periodicals notice of the election events, activities related to the referendum must be given exclusively to individual information block, without comment. It should be noted that if all of the above concepts have their own quite precise and specific definition used, usually in the Instructions of the cec, the difficulty is possibility of applying the so-called "other forms not prohibited by law", which also indicated by the legislator as a form of election campaigning in the media, but at the same time is not decrypted. Such interpretation seems rather strange, and most importantly, non-specific. This interpretation may infringe on the rights of some candidates, especially those who do not have administrative resources. On voting day, until the end voting in the relevant electoral district, county referendum prohibits the publication of (public) data on the outcome of the election, referendum, including placing such data in Information and telecommunications networks (including the 'Internet').