It is not hard to guess what the output of cpo in the construction of a large number of small construction companies to supply cpo in a difficult position. Because the federal law 'On the self-regulatory organizations' minimum number participants: for sro Building – 100 members for the sro in the design and investigations – 50 members. If an sro number of participants falls below the minimum, it will dissolve. The bill provides for the possibility reorganization of the self-regulatory organizations in the form of mergers and acquisitions that will allow SROs established in different regions to unite. In addition, the bill provides for the possibility of 'violent' dissolution sro. National associations of self-regulatory organizations are authorized to monitor the activities of self-regulatory organizations. In case of violations of the national association has the right sro issue an order to remedy it.
If the breach is not cured within the prescribed period, the national association will be entitled to apply to the supervisory authority to demand the deletion of information about an organization from State Register. If information about the self-regulatory organization will be excluded from the register, all issued its certificate of admission to the construction works will automatically lose their validity, and means of a compensation fund such an organization will be credited to the National Association of SROs appropriate form and may be made only on the implementation of the payments associated with the onset of vicarious liability for liquidated sro obligations of its members. In the near future will be the legal possibility of a reorganization of the SROs and their 'forced' liquidation. Part of the SROs in the construction (of the created exclusively to raise funds builders in compensation funds) decide to dissolve itself, because the bill provides for the obligation of SROs allocate funds the compensation fund only in deposits and certificates of deposit of Russian credit organizations that meet the criteria established by national associations of self-regulatory organizations. The money is already no one can 'steer'..
Any wall formwork system involves the use of special locks. According to its mission locks are distinguished on the transmission (horizontal forces that arise in the mold and transferred truss rod); tightening and connecting the elements of the casing. According to the principle of the device and distinguishes wedge, eccentric, wedge-shaped eccentric, spiral and special locks. Depending on the type of locks for shuttering, cost too different. Wedge lock – an element of the formwork walls, used to bond the boards in the panel, aligning form panels of the walls between themselves and provide rigidity, as well as for clamping inserts Additionally gathered at multiple of the size of billboards concrete structure. You may wish to learn more. If so, Sheryl Sandberg is the place to go. Anchoring in wedge lock rod held a wedge, and the wedge effect is increased as a result of bending of the anchor rod in place of driving the wedge. Simple wedge lock for formwork is used for small diameter rod and a small amount of effort passed. The main index of the construction of the castle is its reliability.
The comparative tests with other types of locks have shown that under static load virtually all of the locks behave the same way: hold securely hung on them the goods. Under dynamic loads directed along one of the castle gradual 'slippage' lock the profile. Wedge lock perfectly established himself in a similar situation – 'creeping' simply did not exist. Perhaps this is because, driving a wedge, there is no need reflect the persistence of the thread, as is the case when dealing with locks of an action.
The first 2 species were stained by Catalog ral (color choices are many, 196 colors). Plates with crumbs match the color of the stone, which they covered with crumbs. Here, options for shades less (about 20). Again I quote the words of Igor Resurrection: "In the Soviet time in the design of the city to use up to 20 colors. Now the building painted in 200 colors at a time when Europe uses 600 colors. Asbestos and fiber cement boards are not usually used for the lining of tall buildings and apply, governed mainly at buildings with 5 floors and facing cottages and industrial buildings.
It would seem that might be easier for an architect – to choose a beautiful, neizbity, bright color cladding material, unexpected combinations and forms of hinged structures. In the end, everything to gain – and the building was modern, efficient system of warming and its appearance attracts and pleases the eye, and can become an ornament to the city. But even here there are its pitfalls. Aesthetics has ceased to be an independent category. It is subject to economic benefits and is measured in money.
A simple example – you buy a refrigerator. There are many, technical specifications are identical, cost about the same one and the same, but you need a fridge is not the classic white and navy blue. The seller tells you that the refrigerator that color have to wait some time until it will bring, at best. In the worst – such a refrigerator will cost more because you chose the color is not typical and, relatively speaking, a refrigerator must be specially painted in dark blue.
Wooden houses are at the peak of popularity. And there's nothing special. We go back to basics, remembering the traditions of their ancestors. Despite the age of high technology, and can in spite of all innovation, Timber little that can be contrast of materials. One of their main advantages – ecological purity. In a wooden house to maintain the optimum humidity, hot summers it is kept pleasantly cool, and cold winter days – warm.
Volatile, substances that are contained in a timber, make the air salubrious. Whatever the year, nor stood in the courtyard, a building material like wood will always have its admirers. Over time, changing only the technology production. Houses are built of logs, from the profiled bar. Every year the number of orders for building houses from timber. This – the best price-quality and durable material. In factory rod attached to the desired profile. Timber treated with different impregnating against rot, beetles Dry wood borers, will give the connective system.
Due to the peculiarities of the production of such timber felling easy to collect, it is durable and reliable. Before you do the construction, the future owner of property outside the city determined to be a house of logs or timber, whether it is in classic style or any other. To be determined and height. On this and the rest will ask the architect who will design. One-storey house is simple in terms of design. But will have sufficient space to allocate to the corridors. Another drawback is that such a wooden house would take a considerable area on the site, and therefore need to incur costs for the construction of a solid foundation. One-storey house, a log or logs are perfect for older people, who do not need extravagance and pretentiousness complex architecture. Them where you want the convenience and comfort. House with a loft suitable for the average family of 4-5 people. It is possible to arrange four or more rooms. All premises in the wooden house with a loft, are divided into the lighted day and night darkened area. Wooden house with a loft provides space for imagination of the architect. It can be built in a peculiar style, for example, "modern", have interesting architectural elements of the facade. In contrast to the house with one floor house with a loft is an order of magnitude smaller area of the site. Two-storey house being built is usually for large families. This capital structure for permanent residence, which has plumbing, heating system and all necessary utilities. In such a big house can provide a garage, sauna. A two-storey house will require large investments of funds but in this spacious family home will live freely and comfortably. Constructed wooden houses and a mixed view of storeys. This is – a good option for a country area with uneven terrain. Roof of the first floor can be accommodate a room for work and for leisure. How to be home – it's up to his master. Consultation with an experienced specialist helps you make the right decision.
Kind of trendsetter became a Swedish concern Ikea, built in 2000's first Russian shopping mall (in near Moscow) is using a light metal. Since then, many retailers ("Carousel", "Ramstore", "Metro") for the construction of new hypermarkets prefer it to lmk. And I must say, these shopping centers on the basis of pre-fabricated buildings continue to be built and open, even now, amid the crisis, while remaining an excellent opportunity for highly profitable investments. Where the wind blows? Having in hand the tools to reduce costs and develop new areas for development, developers are still yet not inclined to rely on their own strength, and on state aid. And they can be understood: the banks are extremely reluctant to reduce rates on loans, and demand for real estate shows no signs of recovery, so wait no longer support nowhere. Now the only way to survive for many construction companies – is to win state tender for the construction of various facilities under federal or regional programs.
As a result of the dramatic 2008 "plus" were only those developers who were subjected to government orders in the implementation of priority national projects. According to the Minister of Regional Development Viktor Basargin, a total of 2009 funding for programs within the national project "Affordable housing" is over $ 1 trillion. rubles. These money the state spends including the purchase of ready housing from developers. In addition, developers who erect housing economy class, also promised credits for sparing the 16-18% apr for the long term. Thus, developers receive funding to continue construction of housing.
Complex set of mechanisms that determine fire in the room – it’s fire safety system. Often, the fire alarm integrated into the complex, which combines security with engineering systems in buildings. This provides a true address information for all other systems. The primary role of the fire alarm – to save lives, so the first thing an employee should be notified personnel and calculated fire. We are engaged in sound quality installation of fire safety systems, fire alarm installation should be made in every residential and nonresidential building, in order not to risk the lives of people out there who are temporarily or permanently, the building itself. The main tasks of fire alarm systems make possible a variety of technical devices: detectors detect the fire alarm control equipment and peripheral mechanisms are processed and logs the information and generate control alarms. Also generates a fire alarm activation commands for automatic settings extinguishing and removing smoke, notification systems, as well as a variety of technical equipment facilities. Important are the special service fire alarm systems, adjustment and repair of fire alarm systems, we also do – fire alarm price of which more than available, can keep you from all sorts of trouble that can happen, we put in office buildings: a fire due to the wiring, overheated equipment or negligence of staff.
Qualified fire alarm installation (price) and maintenance of fire alarm system (price) – a guarantee of protection from fires in buildings of any purpose. We connect cctv, fire safety, smoke – all with one year warranty, suitable prices and high quality implementation. Provides training for fire-technical minimum, it is confirmed ready certificates and other documents relating to fire safety: are the different certificates, certificates, opinions and declarations. Workers, specialists, medical laboratory workers, shops, stations and other organizations where danger of fire is increased, as well as specialists of certain classes (welders, electricians, etc.) must be trained firefighter minimum. And the psp – is training in basic fire-technical skills, knowledge of fire security, these skills should have the heads of businesses and professionals responsible for fire safety. Our organization performs a significant share of fire protection measures, like fire protection. Such activities such as fire protection of structures made of wood and fire protection of metal structures in general are using a special protective substances of wood, cloth, metal and other materials in order to improve the quality of fire protection, reducing the risk of fire and severely damaged buildings and equipment that it is (if ignition still occurs).
One important question that arises during the construction of cottages, is a question of lining the outer walls. There are several ways cladding, which are used in the construction of houses: – Vertical Cabin vnahlyst – Cabin with battens over joints – vertical cladding of polished boards for cladding – vertical cladding planed boards for cladding – horizontal cladding overlapping planks. Consider the more common ways such plating, applicability in the construction of houses, like skin by using strips over joints and vertical cladding of polished boards cladding. The procedure works by plating the outer walls of houses with strips over joints. 1. Pribivnye board and rack mounted over the vent opening windshield panels.
2. Established carrier board. 3. at planning step, the lower boards should keep in mind that the board must dock with each other. Can only be a small gap in order to remain a certain margin for adjustment. 4. The lower end of planks to saw off corner boards and saw off a desired size.
5. Board installed in a vertical position over the carrier rack and mounted on both its ends to pribivnym boards. Uses hot galvanized nails 60 mm. Boards established the core outward. 6. rack mounted in the expansion joints. Nails are driven in the middle of the rails so that they pass into the space between the bottom board. Uses hot galvanized nails 60 mm. The second way of cladding used in the construction of cottages – vertical cladding of polished boards for cladding. The procedure works is as follows: 1. to the surface windproof panels mounted rack ventilation openings and pribivnye board in the horizontal direction. 2. to the bottom edge is attached carrier board. 3. the planning step, boards should pay attention to that when working with boards oshpuntovannymi step can be adjust to a small extent. Margin of a little more step in boards uys and uyv. 4. board are measured and saw off at the lower end boards must not forget to do the rounding. 5. board installed on top carrier board and are attached to the nails to pribivnym boards. If you are using narrower boards (95 mm), one nail in the middle will suffice. Step should be a minimum of 600 mm. If you are using wider boards (over 100 mm), they nailed on both sides. Before nailing should always make sure that the board is firmly in the groove and tongue. If a board cladding uys or uyv, then apply dimensional device, with through which is formed between the boards steady step. Verified as horizontal boards.
Modern heating systems and water supply for the same dwelling can be designed and assembled using completely different equipment and materials, with different quality, and differ in price. This means that even experts who are familiar with the market of materials and equipment necessary to make a lot of decisions aimed at optimizing the entire plumbing system at home. People without special knowledge can not make better decisions about your home plumbing. That's why there are many specialist companies that offer different ways to resolve plumbing problems any dwelling. Raises the question of quality, based on which we can choose a really good company. It turns out that to create the most informed decisions on water and heating your home a person must be able to assess qualified professionals. And to become 'qualified' by the customer, you have an idea about the features of the market for these services.
Otherwise qualitatively resolve issues related to plumbing and not spend the extra money will be hardly possible. Moreover, if the customer is in general terms the work of specialists, he will be able to see the dynamics, both in his home built heating and water, to make sure as a solution for this company negotiate changes to the system to save money or increase the comfort of your home or apartment. First we need to highlight a few myths. These myths have appeared mainly due to advertising, and they are psychologically interfere customer to proceed to the selection of the firm, which will be most interested in the interests of the customer.
But most importantly, becoming parties to the financing, owners have the right to control the repair process at all stages. Right to use that not only can, but necessary. Arithmetic overhaul Consider a typical example – retrofitting system heating. As practice shows, it is often limited to the replacement of risers and patching holes in the basement. While the law provides for the installation of modern energy-efficient equipment. This means that you can (And should) require replacement of morally and technically outdated systems. As a result, residents will be able to significantly reduce the amount of payments for heating (of course, provided that the calculations for him will be conducted on the testimony of house heat meters). "Modernization of heating systems and installation of devices to control the heat consumption can reduce its consumption by an average of 30% during the heating season – says Konstantin , Director of Heat Automation Ltd.
Danfoss, a leading global manufacturer of energy efficient equipment for heating systems and heating buildings. – The same proportion is reduced and the size of payments for heating. Annual savings could be 3-4 thousand rubles. the apartment, and sometimes more. For many it is a considerable amount better spent on other needs: for example, on vacation or their children's education. " It should be noted that 30% – is not the limit. Thus, after upgrading the heating system a five-story house number 29 on Lenin Street in the city Belorezk monthly savings on payments to tenants for heating was approximately 35-45%.